Claratin is a combination medication comprising the antihistamine Loratanine and the decongestant pseudoephedrine. It is primarily used to control symptoms of allergies, including sneezing, watery eyes, itching, and runny nose. It works by neutralizing the effect of histamine in the body.
In addition to treating symptoms of seasonal allergies, claratin can also be used to treat itching on the skin as well as hives in people with severe breakouts of hives.
The medication can also be used to treat other conditions not included in this article.
claratin is not fit to be given to children below 6 six years of age. For children between 6 and 12 years, you need to confirm with a doctor before you administer the drug. Also, patients allergic to Loratanine are advised against taking claratin.
How claratin Is Taken
This medication is taken as the label instructs or as prescribed by your doctor. However, it is typically sold over0the-counter, so you’ll most likely not get a doctor’s prescription. In that case, follow the exact directions on the label.
Dosage is normally once a day or once every 12 hours. Again, a doctor’s advice is the best here. The tablet is swallowed whole and not broken or chewed as this would lead to a hastened release of the drug.
claratin Side Effects
claratin can cause a range of side effects to different patients. Signs of an adverse allergic reaction due to claratin include a swollen face, tongue, lips, or throat, as well as breathing difficulties and skin hives. Other serious side effects include irregular heartbeat, seizures and convulsions, and yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice). Less serious side effects include drowsiness, fatigue, headache, stomach upset, sore throat, dry mouth, blurred vision, redness of the eyes, and skin rash.
Generally, if used at recommended doses, claratin may not have severe side effects. However, avoid driving or doing anything that needs high alertness.
claratin may also contain inactive ingredients that can lead to an allergic reaction when taken. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about any known allergies before you take the medication. If you’re not sure, show your doctor or pharmacist your medical history. Even if you can buy this medication over-the-counter, self-treatment is strongly discouraged.
Interaction With Other Drugs
Like any other drug, claratin interacts with a host of other medications and substances. In total, there are 61 drugs known to interact with claratin, with the majority of the drugs causing moderate drug interactions while others lead to minor interactions. Common interactions include aspirin, fish oil, metformin, and lisinopril.
claratin may also have a slight negative effect on the renal system. The drug is mainly converted by the liver to a metabolite before both the drug and metabolite are excreted through urine. A patient with impaired renal function may be at higher risk of renal malfunction due to accumulation of the metabolite in the system.
As such, patients with known renal or liver problems are recommended to take half the normal dose at the start. The drug is not recommended in patients with liver failure.